This brochure is a copy of an American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Public Service Brochure.
Spit Tobacco - It's No Game
Sean Marsee of Ada, OK, lifted weights and ran the 400 meter relay. By the time he was 18 years of age, he had won 28 medals. To keep his body strong, he did not smoke or drink. But he did use smokeless tobacco, because he thought it wasn't harmful to his health.
When oral cancer was discovered, part of Sean's tongue was removed. But the cancer spread. More surgeries followed, including removal of his jaw bone. In his last hours, Sean wrote - -he could no longer speak- -a plea to his peers; "Don't dip snuff". He died at age 19.
There are two forms of spit tobacco: chewing tobacco and snuff. Chewing tobacco is usually sold as leaf tobacco (packaged in a pouch) or plug tobacco (in brick form) and both are put between the cheek and gum. Users keep chewing tobacco in their mouths for several hours to get a continuous high from the nicotine in the tobacco.
Snuff is a powdered tobacco (usually sold in cans) that is put between the lower lip and the gum. Just a pinch is all thatís needed to release the nicotine, which is then swiftly absorbed into the bloodstream, resulting in a quick high. Sounds ok, right? Not exactly, keep reading.
Chemicals. Keep in mind that the spit tobacco you or your friends are putting into your mouths contains many chemicals that can have a harmful effect on your health. Here are a few of the ingredients found in spit tobacco:
The chemicals contained in chew or snuff are what make you high. They also make it very hard to quit. Why? Every time you use smokeless tobacco your body adjusts to the amount of tobacco needed to get that high. Then you need a little more tobacco to get the same feeling. You see, your body gets used to the chemicals you give it. Pretty soon youíll need more smokeless tobacco, more often or youíll need stronger spit tobacco to reach the same level. This process is called addiction.
Some people say spit tobacco is ok because thereís no smoke, like a cigarette has. Donít believe them. Itís not a safe alternative to smoking. You just move health problems from your lungs to your mouth.
If you use spit tobacco, hereís what you might have to look forward to:
Check your mouth often, looking closely at the places where you hold the tobacco. See your doctor right away if you have any of the following:
Youíve just read the bad news, but there is good news. Even though it is very difficult to quit using spit tobacco, it can be done. Read the following tips to quit for some helpful ideas to kick the habit. Remember, most people donít start chewing on their own, so donít try quitting on your own. Ask for help and positive reinforcement from your support groups (friends, parents, coaches, teachers, whomever...)
1. Think of reasons why you want to quit. You may want to quit because:
2. Pick a quit date and throw out all your chewing tobacco and snuff. Tell yourself out loud every day that youíre going to quit.
3. Ask your friends, family, teachers, and coaches to help you kick the habit by giving you support and encouragement. Tell friends not to offer you smokeless tobacco. You may want to ask a friend to quit with you.
4. Ask your doctor about a nicotine chewing gum tobacco cessation program.
5. Find alternatives to spit tobacco. A few good examples are sugarless gum, pumpkin or sunflower seeds, apple slices, raisins, or dried fruit.
6. Find activities to keep your mind off of spit tobacco. You could ride a bike, talk or write a letter to a friend, work on a hobby, or listen to music. Exercise can help relieve tension caused by quitting.
7. Remember that everyone is different, so develop a personalized plan that works best for you. Set realistic goals and achieve them.
8. Reward yourself. You could save the money that would have been spent on spit tobacco products and buy something nice for yourself.©2002 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery One Prince St., Alexandria, VA 22314-3357, 1-703-836-4444